Qoricha Mana Keenyatti Haala Salphaan Argannu

Qoricha mana keessaa fayyadamuu

  1. RAKKOO: Finniisa
    YAALI: Damma & turmeric
    “Paastaa fincaanii guddaa damma (gosa kamiyyuu, garuu ani qalamaa filadha) fi turmeric waliin hojjechuu dandeessa. Tokkoon tokkoon isaanii 1/4 tsp walitti makuu–xiqqoo karaa dheeraa deema. Paastaa tolchitee kallattiin fincaan irratti dibadhu.” (Hub: Qorichi kun yeroodhaaf gogaa keessan irratti xurii keelloo dhiisuu danda’a, kanas ittiin balleessuu dandeessu
  2. RAKKOO: Alarjii
    YAALI: Damma naannoo
    “Shaayii keessanitti mi’aa dabaluu bira darbee, damma-yoo naannoo keessanii ta’e-alarjii bakka jiraattan adda ta’e irratti dandeettii ittisuu keessan ijaaruuf isin gargaaruu danda’a.” Daa’imman umuriin isaanii waggaa 1 gadi ta’eef damma akka hin kennine qofa mirkaneeffadhu.(Damma gogaa keessaniifis baay’ee gaarii dha—kunoo meeshaalee miidhaginaa damma 10 amma yaaluun isin barbaachisa.)
  3. RAKKOO:Yaaddoo
    YAALI: Catnip
    Baalli saree keessan jaallattu yaaddoo salphisuuf gargaaruu danda’a. Iddoo biqiltuu manaa keessatti guddisuun salphaadha, shaayii keessatti dhuguu ykn akka dabalataatti fudhachuu dandeessa. “Catnip yeroo sareen urgaa’an kan nama kakaasu yoo ta’u garuu namoota irratti dhiibbaa faallaa ta’e qaba. Nuuf boqonnaa kan kennu fi sammuu kan tasgabbeessudha.”
  4. RAKKOO: Dhukkubbii arthritis
    YAALI: Jeelatiin
    Jeelatiin uumamaa kolaajiinii kan of keessaa qabu yoo ta’u, gogaa allaattii ykn lafee re’ee irraa kan hojjetame yoo ta’u dhukkubbii fi inflammation lafee salphisuuf gargaaruu danda’a. Fuduraa fi dhangala’aa fuduraa irratti jeelatiin uumamaa dabaluudhaan mi’a nama haaromsu hojjechuu, ykn kolaajiin bifa dabalataatiin fudhachuu. Qorannoon tokko akka agarsiisutti namoonni yeroo hunda kolaajiin fudhatan dhukkubbiin jilba isaanii akka xiqqaate himaniiru.
  5. RAKKOO: Dhukkubbii dugdaa
    YAALI: Wiiloo adii
    Akka dabalataatti kan argamu, wiiloo adiin yeroo tokko tokko akka filannoo aspiriiniitti ilaalama sababiin isaas salicin, bifa uumamaa qaama dhukkubbii hir’isu qoricha kanaa of keessaa qaba. Yeroo baayyee wal’aansoowwan farra inflammatory biroo guddisuuf itti fayyadama. (Shaakala ja’an kun dhukkubbii dugdaa gadiis salphisuu danda’u.)
  6. RAKKOO: Beeylada ciniinuu
    YAALI: Foon lallaafaa
    “Yoo beeyladni si ciniinee fi ati alarjii hin qabne, cittoo sana baastee daqiiqaa 15 hanga 20tti bubbee itti dibadhu. Sana booda foon lallaafaa ykn soodaa fi bishaan walitti makuun naannoo dhukkubsattee jirutti dibadhu. Hanga gogutti dhiisi (gara.” 30. 30.
  7. RAKKOO: Dandruff
    YAALI: Zayitii loomii
    Yoo gogaan mataa kee citaa qabaate, loomii tokko tokko yaali. Biqiltuun bara baraa kun kompaawundoota farra maaykiroobiyaanii citral fi geraniol jedhaman kanneen fangasii kanneen dandruff fiduu danda’an lolan baay’inaan of keessaa qaba. Zayitiin kun ofuma isaatiin fayyadamuu kan hin qabne ta’us, qorannoon tokko akka agarsiisutti namoonni tonic zayita loomii %5 hanga 15 of keessaa qabu dibatan dandruff 2 xiqqaa qabu
  8. RAKKOO: Dhukkuba garaachaa
    YAALI: Bishaan bilcheessu
    Ruuzii bunaa ykn oatmeal bishaan yeroo idilee fayyadamtu dachaa lama keessatti bilcheessi, achiis caccabsi. Bishaan erga qabbanaa’ee booda dhuguu. Bishaan kun elektiroolayitii kan yeroo baayyee yeroo garaacha si mudatu kan badu of keessaa qaba. Elektiroolayitii bakka buusuun rakkoo kana salphisuuf gargaaruu danda’a.
  9. RAKKOO: Ija goguu
    YAALI: Zayitii sanyii liinxii
    Yeroon iskiriinii baay’ee ija keessan aarsuu? Guyyaatti zayita sanyii liinxii 1 hanga 2 tsp fudhachuu. Amalli farra inflammatory asiidonni coomaa omega-3 inni of keessaa qabu gogiinsa ija keessanii salphisuuf gargaaruu danda’a. (Gorsa torban kanaan jalqaba irratti gogiinsa ijaa akka hin uumamne gochuu.)

Antibiotics increase risk of colon cancer, NEW study warns https://moksoxos.com/4/5286072

Antibiotics increase risk of colon cancer, NEW study warns

Antibiotics increase risk of colon cancer, NEW study warns - featured image

ntibiotics increase risk of colon cancer, NEW study warns

(NaturalHealth365)  There are multiple risk factors for developing colon cancer.  So what causes it?  Over half of colorectal cancer cases are related to lifestyle factors, such as age, smoking, diet, and alcohol use.


Now, a recent study suggests a strong link between antibiotic use and colon cancer.  Why is this the case, and what does it mean for your health?  Most importantly, how can you reduce your risk of colon cancer?

Alarming study finds link between antibiotic use and colon cancer risk

A recent study from Sweden reveals a correlation between oral antibiotic use and the risk of colorectal cancer.  The study, published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, found that people who took antibiotic courses had up to a 17% higher risk of colon cancer than those who did not.

People who took antibiotics for six months or longer had the highest chance of developing cancer.  Still, even short antibiotic courses appeared to increase the chances of colon cancer.  Disease risk was also location-specific.

Researchers found a higher cancer risk in the ascending colon, also known as the proximal colon, which resides on the right side of the abdomen.  The ascending colon is the beginning of the entire colon.  This means it’s the most exposed to everything that comes through the small intestine, including oral antibiotics.

Why do antibiotics increase colon cancer risk?

Since antibiotic use is so widespread, these findings are alarming.  But the question is, what about antibiotics could be intensifying cancer risk?

The answer lies in the microbiology of the gut.  To maintain a healthy balance, an entire microbiome of good bacteria lives in your digestive tract.  And since antibiotics are made to kill bacteria, they can throw the gut microbiome out of whack.  Good microbes usually keep harmful bacteria in check.  But antibiotic use could contribute to the disruption of this natural order.

In turn, this could lead to detrimental inflammation in the digestive tract.  For instance, when harmful bacteria can gain prominence, it can result in biofilm formation.  Biofilms are structures formed when harmful bacteria join together within the colon wall.  Ultimately, oral antibiotics can knock out the good bacteria in your gut.  So although there’s no evidence that antibiotics directly cause cancer, there is a correlation caused by how these drugs affect your gut microbiota.


What’s Your Biological Age? A New ‘Aging Clock’ Has the Answer — Sports Medicine Weekly

How old are you, really? It seems like a simple question. It’s based on when you’re born. Yet we all know people who seem much younger than their chronological age. They have radiant skin and hair. They seem sharper than their age would suggest. They’re highly active with astonishing energy. Why? Studies have repeatedly shown…

What’s Your Biological Age? A New ‘Aging Clock’ Has the Answer — Sports Medicine Weekly




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All too often I am asked questions about problems that have already occurred and its to late to prevent them. Its like the old saying, closing the gate after the horse has gone.

Unless you are onto it, you will miss the vital times when your efforts will be worthwhile and make a difference for that season.

We are now into July; the middle of winter and if patterns follow the past few seasons we are likely to see some good weather in August which will mean, (with the extending day light hours) things will start moving.

The following are situations for gardeners that have these problems from the past. Here is what I believe to be the best ways to handle them.

If you read my recent articles about making the soil healthy then apply that also to the following problems because healthy soil will make for healthy plants given time and in most cases.

Plants and trees etc that do not healthy and have a weak constitution, likely through breeding, should after a few seasons of effort be disposed of and replaced with another specimen that can be healthy.

Curly leaf is a disease on stone fruit trees which effects nectarines and peaches.

The spores from the previous season are sitting waiting for the leaves to form and the right conditions to infect. The damage from last spring will lead to even more damage this spring unless you intervene.

If the damage is severe enough, not only will you not have any crop but you can also lose the tree.

I have had a few interesting talks with gardeners that have grown stone fruit directly from stones.

These trees grow on their own root stock, fruit within a couple of years or so and do not have curly leaf disease.

This means that it is the grafted varieties of stone fruit that we have problems with and the very worst ones are those dwarf specimens for curly leaf.

So what to do:

The trees and the ground under them should be sprayed with potassium permanganate at half a teaspoon per litre of water now. Add about a level tablespoon of Ocean Solids to the spray as it increases the effectiveness.

Leave for about two weeks and spray again with potassium permanganate at ¾ a teaspoon into a litre of water with 3 tablespoons of Ocean Solids, dissolved and then added to a further 10 litres of water.

Spray the whole tree and drench the soil underneath from trunk to beyond the drip line.

What we are trying to do here is kill as many spores of the disease as possible that are on the tree and in the soil under the tree.

Some years ago I suggested scattering Ocean Solids under the trees before they start to move in the spring, the information on this came from Sea90 for those familiar with that method.

I have heard some positive feed back from gardeners that have done this and they also said that if any damage starts to appear on the foliage they spread some more Ocean Solids.

Likely the sodium chloride neutralizes the spores as well as increasing the mineral uptake of the tree.

The traditional method of control is to spray the tree, once the leaves start to appear, this is done every 7 to 10 days with Wallys Liquid Copper and Raingard.

The idea here is to keep a film of copper over the leaves as they are growing to kill the spores when they land on the leaves.

‘This spray program is repeated for about 2 months. The Raingard is very important because without it the copper would wash off in rain and that is when the disease spores strike.

I have also suggested the use of Vaporgard to be sprayed over and under the foliage once a good amount of leaves have appeared without damage.

The film is also a barrier to the spores and will assist the tree to produce more energy from sunlight helping to retain a good crop of fruit.

Growing your own fruit and vegetables naturally is the answer to better health.

Codlin moth another annoying pest that spoils apples, walnuts and sometimes pears.

At this time the codlin are in cocoons, pupating waiting for the right time to emerge to mate, lay their eggs and damage your apples.

Where they are hiding is in nooks and crannies on the tree, but mainly in the soil under the tree.

What you could do at this time if you had a few chickens is netting off the area under the tree, rake the soil and put your hens in there to gobble up any cocoons they scratch out.

Next at end of July sprinkle Wally Neem Tree Granules under the tree from trunk to drip line.

What this does is create a smell from the granules breaking down that prevents the moths when they emerge to detect the apple tree above them.

They sit there waiting for the tree to come along and hopefully will be eaten by birds.

The pests are not going to emerge till the apples have set on the tree after flowering and the weather conditions are congenial.

Once the flowering has finished you can put a can with treacle in an onion bag and hang it in the tree.

This will attract the male moths, by monitoring the trap you will know when they are on the wing.

Then you can start spraying with Wallys Neem Tree Oil and Raingard every 10 to 14 days.


Itoophiyaatti laabiraatooriin Fooreensikii DNA jalqabaa eebbifameera.

Laabiraatorichi  Hospitaala Poolisii Itoophiyaa keessatti kan ijaarame yoo ta’u, har’a eebbifamee hojii jalqabeera. Ajajaa Olaanaan Komishinii Poolisii Federaalaa Komishinar Jeneraal Dammallaash Gabramikaa’eel sirna eebba laabiraatoorichaarratti haasawaa taasisaniin, laabiraatoorichi biyya keessatti jalqabuun isaa dandeettii qorannoo Poolisii Itoophiyaa sadarkaa fooyya’aarra geessisuu kan dandeessisu ta’uu dubbataniiru.
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#EidMubarak #Hortee #IBSAOROMO #Kush Adsense Amazon Oromia Oromo Telegram Twitter WordPress

#EidMubarak #Hortee #IBSAOROMO #Kush Adsense Amazon Oromia Oromo Telegram Twitter WordPress

#EidMubarak #Hortee #IBSAOROMO #Kush Adsense Amazon Oromia Oromo Telegram Twitter WordPress

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Hojii qorannoof ogeeyyiin ga’umsa qaban guutamuu eeruun, sirna haqaarratti raga qabatamaa fi amanamaa dhiyeessuuf kan gargaaru ta’uu ibsaniiru.

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Public Servants’ Pension Proclamation No. 1267-2022

PROCLAMATION No. 1267/2022 A PROCLAMATION TO PROVIDE FOR PUBLIC SERVANTS’ PENSION WHEREAS, it is part of the country’s social protection policy to expand social insurance system and reach citizens step by step; WHEREAS, the strengthening and sustainability of the system greatly contributes to social justice, industrial peace, poverty reduction, productivity and development; WHEREAS, it has […]

Public Servants’ Pension Proclamation No. 1267-2022

National Intelligence and Security Service Reestablishment Proclamation Amendment DRAFT Proclamation -2022

PROCLAMATION No. —–/2022 A PROCLAMATION TO PROVIDE FOR THE AMENDMENT OF THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY SERVICE RE-ESTABLISHMENT PROCLAMATION WHEREAS, it has become necessary to amend the National Intelligence and Security Service Reestablishment Proclamation No. 804/2013 to enable the Service to have additional powers and functions to carry out its mission efficiently; NOW THEREFORE, in […]

National Intelligence and Security Service Reestablishment Proclamation Amendment DRAFT Proclamation -2022

A Week in the Horn 01.07.2022

News in Brief Justice Minister Gideon Timotheos, pays a working visit to Brussels, Belgium PM Security Advisor, Ambassador Redwan Hussein pays a visit to Italy Ethio-Italy Business forum successfully held in Rome French investments in Ethiopia are welcome with open arms  Africa and the African Union The Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Moussa Faki […]

A Week in the Horn 01.07.2022

Dargaggeessi dheerinaan Nagawoo Jimaa ‘nan caala’ jedhu Gujiirraa as bahe

Maqaan isaa Awwaluu Buxxuulaa jedhama. Dhalatee kan guddate Godina Gujii Bahaa Aanaa Gooroo Doolaatti.

Ilma horsiisee bulaa ta’uu kan himu Awwaluun, dheerinni isaa garmalee dabalee namoota caalaa dhufuu kan bare yeroo umriin isaa ganna 15 ture ta’uu yaadata.

“Ani Ijoollummaa kiyyatti loon tiksaa guddadhe. Booda mana barumsaa galee hanga kutaa saddeetii baradhe. Ani mucaa dhumaa waanin ta’eef abbaan kiyya ‘barumsa dhaabii karra kiyya dhaali’ jennaan qe’eetti deebi’ee niitii fuudhe,’ jedha.

Awwaluun amma hojii horsiisa beelladaa keessaa bahee daldala irrattii hojjechaa jira.

Beeyiladaafi albuudota magaalaa Shaakisoo fi Finfinnee gidduu daldala.

Dargaggeessi umuriin isaa ganna 24 kun, dheerinni isaa meetiraa lamaa fi seentimeetiraa 35 dha.(BBC)

News from www.Addisstandard.com

News: OLF members, ONN journalists accused of attempting to form Oromia Transitional Government ask court to change the presiding judges

Addis Abeba: Defendants under the Qasim Abdullahi file, accused of conspiring for ‘The Oromia National Transitional Government Committee’ and two ONN journalists had an appearance yesterday, at Oromia Supreme court on the 23rd of June, 2022.  Yesterday’s court hearing in which the 17 accused were […]

How to Maintain a Healthy Brain

Brain Health and Why It’s Important The brain is one of your most vital organs, it controls your body’s functions and helps you understand and interact with the world around you, and just like the rest of your body, it needs to be looked after. Diet, exercise, sleep quality and quantity, connecting with others, and…

How to Maintain a Healthy Brain

Jawar Mahaammad qaamni kamuu hidhannoo akka hiikkatu osoo hin taane dhukaasa akka dhaabu feena jedhe

Jawar Mahaammad qaamni kamuu hidhannoo akka hiikkatu osoo hin taane dhukaasa akka dhaabu feena jedhe.

Jawar Mahaammad qaamni kamuu hidhannoo akka hiikkatu osoo hin taane dhukaasa akka dhaabu feena jedhe. Dura taa’aa itti aanaan KFO Jawar Mahaammad qaamni kamuu hidhannoo akka hiikkatu osoo hin taane, dhukaasa dhaabee marii haqa qabeessa akka geggeessuuf waamicha taasisaa jirra jedhe. Jawaar Mohammad kana kan jedhe Imala Galatoomaatiin marii dhalattoota Oromoo waliin Noorweey Oslootti maryate […]




Stress Is Part of Any Job — Here’s How to Cope

What I wish I knew when I started working full time after college

At some point in your career, you’ll probably work in a highly stressful environment, and you may end up having to stay longer than you’d like — especially if you’re just happy to have a job or need the experience before you can move on to something better. Whether you’re searching for a new position or trying to make do with the current one, consider exploring what makes the job difficult and using that knowledge to create positive change for yourself.

According to the World Health Organization, every position involves some level of stress; that’s the nature of life and interacting with other humans. But if you cry every Sunday because you have to return to work when you wake up the next morning — that was me at my last job — that’s a sign of aserious issue.

The last few years of my career involved a string of high-stress roles; I quit one barely six months after my first day because of a bully in upper management who was enabled by the CEO. The cry-every-Sunday job was unacceptable in every way. The last straw was when my family member was diagnosed with cancer and, instead of responding with compassion and kindness, my managers became unreasonably demanding and passive-aggressive.

Though I couldn’t quit right away because I had to find a new source of income first, the hardships at these companies afforded me unique opportunities that led to amazing personal and professional growth. And I’m not alone: research indicates that 70% of people experience positive psychological growth from adversity.

Here are the stress management skills I used to survive at the jobs I hated until I could find something better.

Differentiate internal and external stressors

The term “stressor” refers to bothpositive and negative situations that cause stress. Getting married or being promoted are positive stressors while being fired or arguing with a loved one are negative stressors.

Whether you’re competing in sports or presenting a new idea to the boss, certain kinds of stress may improve your performance, but chronic stress negatively affects your body and mind. Studies have linked chronic stress tophysical ailments like heart disease, diabetes, and cancer, as well as psychological conditions like anxiety and depression.

In an interview with BBC, Toronto-based human resources consultant David Creelman observed, “Highly stressed people are more likely to have mental and ethical lapses, and are harder to get along with as team members, than less stressed people.” (Let’s all try not to be that person.)

If you’re under chronic stress because of work (where you spend most of your waking hours), your body does not have time to recover from the effects.

“In other words,” said psychologist Dr. Lisa Damour at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, “stress causes harm when it exceeds any level that a person can reasonably absorb or use to build psychological strength.”

HelpGuide, an international mental health and wellness nonprofit organization, does not differentiate between the physical and psychological symptoms caused by internal versus external stressors and confirms that the source of stress must be identified before appropriate treatment can be implemented.

Internal stressors

Internal stressors originate from our own beliefs and feelings, like fears, insecurities, and expectations. They could take the form of making up stories or negative thoughts and unreasonable expectations.

My boss sent me an email requesting a meeting to discuss the future and restructuring of the company. Upon reading that message, I assumed I was getting laid off and started to panic.

Though this sounds like an external stressor because it’s triggered by action from someone else, it is an example of an internal stressor. I created a fictional story that caused anxiety based on the fear of losing my job.

“Stories help us make sense of ourselves in the world; we’ve always made sense of what’s happening to us through story,” said therapist Lori Gottlieb in an interview withPsychology Today. “But a lot of the stories people create are, in a lot of ways, faulty narratives.”

An internal stressor can also be entirely in your mind. Negative self-talk, pessimism, the inability to accept uncertainty, and unrealistic expectations are common internal stressors.

I was at the office as usual when a thought suddenly popped into my head for no apparent reason: I hate this job. I would often grab onto that thought and not let it go for hours or even days. Sometimes this thought would arise so frequently that it developed into a habit, and it’s what I ended up thinking most of the time.

While this thought was true, I noticed that continually saying that to myself or other people only dug myself deeper into the pessimism.

Recognizing this pattern was my first step towards adjusting the behavior

How to identify

Pay attention to your thoughts as they arise and notice if they’re triggered by something specific. The American Psychological Association recommendskeeping a journal throughout the day and writing down the cause of your stress along with your moods and thoughts.

Just as importantly, pay attention to your body, which responds to stress in a specific way: racing heart, tense muscles, fast breathing, sweaty skin.

Dr. Shelly Komondoros emphasizes theimportance of body awareness.

“Developing self-awareness and recognizing when your body needs extra care is essential. Most likely, you intuitively know how you react to stressful situations,” she wrote in an article about stress management. “So when things aren’t going your way, or you feel like you are losing control or are overwhelmed, pay attention, and tune in to your body.”

My body used to tense up whenever my colleague from accounting walked into the room.

I got cold sweats whenever a response from our consultant was in my inbox.

Again, these may seem like external stressors at first glance because an outside element triggered them, but look at them objectively. What isstressful about them? Someone walked into a room, and I received an email; they’re innocent on their own.

Without realizing it, I was translatingthese situations into stressors in my mind.

When the accounting person came in, I was afraid that I made a mistake on revenue processing and would have to redo it.

When I saw that the consultant responded to my article, I felt insecureabout its quality and secretly worriedthat I was a terrible writer.

Notice how all of these are related to an internal feeling rather than the other person’s behavior. According to therapist R. Scott Gornto, “most anxiety stems from self-fabricated storiesbased on speculation and assumption. We tell ourselves fictional stories about the people in our lives or the circumstances that befall us. We do it all the time. Seldom do we notice what we’re doing.”

Identifying these thoughts or made-up stories might take a while at first because they may be deeply ingrained and seem to have a will all of their own. But once you’re able to single out those thoughts and patterns, celebrate your win.

How to manage

Managing internal stressors can be a challenge, but it is possible with some effort. The methods may vary, so try a few ways to find the combination that works for you.

I found that noticing the internal stressor and not judging myself harshly or reacting to it extremely helpful. “It is the effort people use to fight the thought that makes it stick and fuels its return,” wrote Drs. Sally Winston and Martin Seif.

Sometimes noticing the thought was enough to let it go and not attach myself to it, but I also found that inquiry is a powerful tool in exploring and managing internal stressorsCheck out On Befriending Your Anxiety if you want to read more about fellow Medium writer Scott Leonardi’s experience with the inquiry method.

Another powerful tool for managing stress and negativity is reframing, which is quite distinct from denial or finding the silver lining. Looking at the bright side and gratitude are essential, but reframing flips a negative thought on its head by changing the way you think or talk about it.

Though this technique may sound simplistic, the American Psychological Association emphasizes the importance of our perceptions.

“How you perceive and think about a stressor can also make a big impact on how you respond.”

American Psychological Association

In the previous example where I often found myself thinking “I hate my job,” consider each of these statements:

  1. “I hate my job.”
  2. “This job is not that bad.”
  3. “At least I have a job.”
  4. “I am motivated to find a new job soon.”

(1) The original negative thought recognizes the unhappiness, but that’s it; (2) denial and (3) looking at the bright side do not acknowledge reality; (4) reframing not only shifts away from negativity, but also focuses on positive action.

How this benefits you

I’ve found that techniques like reframing and abstaining from making up stories provide significant stress relief. My story about 7 Words That Transformed How I Manage Fear and Anxiety goes into a little more detail about how the reframing technique has improved my life.

The experts at the Mayo Clinic say that much of our stress is self-induced. Dr. Heidi Hanna, an integrative neuroscientist and executive director for the American Institute of Stress, states that internal stress tends to decrease our ability to handle external circumstances more effectively.

Ultimately, dealing with internal stress will help us deal with external stressors too.

External stressors

External stressors are the ones that we can’t control, like the assignments that we’re expected to complete, urgent deadlines, or an incompatible personality at the office.

One company hired me to process donations for the fundraising department for 25 hours per week and help out the accounting department for 15 hours per week. What they didn’t tell me was that “help out” was code for “do everything that isn’t director-level work.”

How to identify

External stressors are the causes of stress that happen to you and are not within your control. Unpredictable events, significant life changes, relationships, and work or school arecommon external stressors.

As you can imagine, the workload I described above was too demanding for one person. Despite my petitions for extra help, I was still expected to do all those tasks on my own while earning less than a living wage and being mistreated. I had to learn how to manage my stress just to survive a day at the office.

How to manage

The ideal solution would be to eliminate or reduce the stress by asking for help or otherwise addressing the root cause, but that’s not always realistic. Since we can’t control these factors, we must manage the stress by taking care of ourselves and mitigating our responses.

“It’s not always possible to escape a stressful situation or avoid a problem, but you can try to reduce the stress you are feeling.”

American Psychological Association

Common advice from many experts for managing external stress includes exercise, sleep, a nutritious diet, self-care, hobbies, and time with friends or family.

Reaching out to your support network can help you talk about it, but be careful with this one. “As we become more stressed out, our attention tends to narrow and focus on what we perceive as threatening,” wrote Dr. Harry Mills in an article about stress reduction.

I fell into the trap of talking about hating my job all the time. Rather than having the intended effect of venting, this became a habit that producesstress called catastrophizing, which is when you focus on a negative, exaggerated perspective of your pain and suffering. One study, focusing on chronic headaches, showed that half the participants saw improvements when they learned how to stop this behavior.

Eventually, I discovered that purposefully not talking about hating my job and distracting myself for a short time instead was more helpful. Keep in mind that distraction is best used as a short-term technique to prevent focusing too much on the stressor. Dr. Mills also warns that it is not a good technique in cases of people who tend to deny or repress stressors.

Another tool for stress management at work is the lunch break. According to a survey of 1,600 North American workers, taking a midday break for a meal is especially important for engagement and productivity. For me, even quick 10-minute breaks in the morning and afternoon were refreshing when work was weighing me down.

I’ve also found that meditation and mindfulness practices, which couldimprove certain conditions, are useful for managing external stressors.

How this benefits you

Taking care of yourself intentionally during work is beneficial for your physical and mental health as well as your productivity at any job, regardless of the types of stressors. The results from one study suggest that mindfulness-based stress reduction techniques could improve stress reactivity and coping. The American Psychological Association asserts that “reducing your stress levels can make you feel better right now, and may alsoprotect your health long-term.”

When I was struggling in a highly stressful work environment, I was able to use these techniques to stay grounded, and to this day, they help me maintain balance.

Closing thoughts

After learning how to delineate and reduce stress this way, I now have the best job I’ve ever had, and I know that I’m thriving (at least in part) thanks to this process. I can differentiate internal from external stressors to manage them appropriately, and I’m able to handle situations similar to those that have made me want to resign in the past.

Especially if your stress is at the crying-every-Sunday level, consider focusing efforts on an exit strategy as well. Stress management is vital for work (and life in general), but you can only do so much with a work situation that’s truly not right for you.


Sleep Paralysis: The Awakened Nightmares https://www.Facebook.com/ibsapost


Sleep Paralysis: The Awakened Nightmare

Picture this: you’re laying in bed and suddenly you see a dark figure at the end of your bed, and it is just staring at you. You go to scream and run but you realize you can’t. You’re paralyzed. You make every effort to move and scream out, but you’re stuck and absolutely helpless. Sounds terrifying doesn’t it? This is just one of many potential experiences that some individuals have when they experience what is called sleep paralysis. Sleep paralysis is a unique, yet extremely common experience that one in five people will experience in their lifetime. Typically, the first, and hopefully the last, episode of sleep paralysis will occur during the teen years from 14-17 with potential for subsequent episodes to occur later in life as well.

So, what exactly is happening when someone experiences sleep paralysis? Sleep paralysis occurs at one of two times, either when an individual is about to fall asleep or they are just waking up. At either of these times your body has reached a certain level of relaxation, atonia, where the body’s muscles and systems are shut off. This happens as a way for the body to protect itself during REM sleep, so we are not physically active and engaged with our dreams. As the body is in this state, this is where the paralysis kicks in, your body is in a position where all systems are down except for the brain. Your brain is awake and alert, but your body is assuming it is in REM sleep (the deepest level of sleep we can achieve). In this moment, all we are capable of is tapping into our senses and breathing. Due to the deep level of sleep that our body is in, despite our awareness, an individual can experience hallucinations. These hallucinations are commonly visual in which the individual can see a general, or noticeably clear, figure that is in the room with them. This can be accompanied by the feeling that others are in the room and even that they are touching or sitting on you. This experience brings on fear which is a major maintenance factor in sleep paralysis. Although this experience only lasts seconds to minutes, it can feel like hours.

As just noted, stress can be a major contributor to sleep paralysis. Studies have found that in certain cultures, such as Italian and Egyptian cultures, that the way in which the culture explains and understands sleep paralysis can contribute to the frequency at which it is experienced. What I mean by that is, in these cultures the experience is attributed to things such as dark magic and the supernatural. According to the studies conducted, these beliefs instilled more fear and concern surrounding sleep paralysis, and the more fear someone had related to sleep paralysis had a positive correlation to the increased frequency of episodes. This research coincides with other research that explains how stress and underlying mental health conditions can contribute to the experience of sleep paralysis. Those with diagnoses such as generalized anxiety disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, and panic disorder have been reported to have higher reports of sleep paralysis. This may be as a result of the sleep disturbances and high levels of stress that those individuals are living under. Two other major contributors to sleep paralysis are those who have a diagnosis of narcolepsy, which is the most common population to report sleep paralysis, and then for those who sleep on their back. What I gathered from this research is that proper sleep hygiene and stress management are critical in attending to and reducing the frequency of sleep paralysis.

This leads us to treating sleep paralysis. It is important to know that this is not a medical condition or anything that is life threatening despite the potential threat that can be imposed in the moment. As previously stated, proper sleep hygiene and stress management are key to reducing vulnerability factors. Furthermore, if an individual is experiencing sleep paralysis on a frequent, or consistent basis it would be wise to talk with a general practitioner or mental health clinician. This way any underlying concerns can be addressed. Through the general practitioner one can be prescribed an antidepressant (not for a diagnosis of depression) to aid in sleep disturbances and stress management. A mental health clinician can help address any mental health conditions that may be impacting the individual’s experience and learn proper sleep hygiene. Otherwise in the case of narcolepsy or more serious sleep conditions it is recommended to see a general practitioner and a sleep specialist for appropriate testing.

-Courtney, Graduate Intern

If you or a loved one are seeking professional help for stress management or any other mental health concerns please contact Olive Branch Counseling Associates at 708-633-8000.


AASM. (2020). Sleep Paralysis – Diagnosis & Treatment. Retrieved fromhttp://sleepeducation.org/sleep-disorders-by-category/parasomnias/sleep-paralysis/diagnosis-treatment

Feigenholtz, S. (n.d.). 94TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY. Retrieved fromhttps://www.ilga.gov/legislation/94/HB/PDF/09400HB5373.pdf

National Sleep Foundation. (2020, June 01). What Causes Sleep Paralysis During REM Sleep? Retrieved fromhttps://www.sleepfoundation.org/articles/what-you-should-know-about-sleep-paralysis

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How the Law of Cause & Effect Controls Our Lives & What to Do About It — The Powerful Living

The law of cause and effect is a very simple principle: For every effect in your life there is a specific cause. Sometimes it is referred to as the ‘iron law of the universe’. The premise is that everything happens for a reason, that there are no accidents, that we live in an orderly universe […]

via How the Law of Cause & Effect Controls Our Lives & What to Do About It — The Powerful Living

Antibiotics increase risk of colon cancer, NEW study warns https://moksoxos.com/4/5286072

Antibiotics increase risk of colon cancer, NEW study warns Https://moksoxos.com/4/5286072ntibiotics increase risk of colon cancer, NEW study warns (NaturalHealth365)  There are multiple risk factors for developing colon cancer.  So what causes it?  Over half of colorectal cancer cases are related to lifestyle factors, such as age, smoking, diet, and alcohol use. Now, a recent study suggests a strong…

Arthritis Treatment

Arthritis symptoms can affect an individual on a daily basis. Physical therapy is a conservative, non-invasive and effective way to treat arthritis, which typically affects the articulating joints of the body such as the hip, knee, shoulder, and hand. Arthritis can also affect the spinal column known as degenerative disc disease (DDD). The primary focus of therapy is to regain overall range of motion and flexibility to help improve joint mobility as well as increase strength and endurance for improved independence with daily activities.

This is accomplished in the following ways:

  • Flexibility: These exercises help improve overall joint mobility and muscle flexibility.
  • Strength: In addition to increasing flexibility, muscle strength is important to provide stability to the affected joint. Not only is muscle used to move a joint, but it also acts as a “shock absorber”.
  • Endurance: Muscle endurance is another important factor. Endurance is the muscle’s ability to perform an activity over an extended period of time. Strength usually diminishes due to a lack of endurance. With increased endurance strength is preserved. As a result, an individual can tolerate daily activities for an extended period of time.

In addition, physical therapy can also provide some residual benefits such as:

  • Increased cardiovascular fitness
  • Weight loss
  • Increased patient knowledge on his/her condition

Ivy Rehab Network is made up of 225 physical therapy clinics dedicated to providing exceptional care and personalized treatment to get you feeling better, faster.

Request appointment:


Gummaata Siyaasa Biyyaa Hin Guddaatini fi Deggaartoota Siyaasa.

Siyaasni biyyaa keenya gummaata tahu isaatin namooni bayyeen dhugaa jiru dhisaani, nama namaa dirruu deggaaru jaalatu.

Gummaata Siyaasa …Namooni nama deggaaran siyaasa walaallu isaani muliisa. Namooni dhugaa deggaaran garuu beekumsaa qabanniiti fayyaadamo tahu isaani argiisisaa.

Baalina oduu kanaaf Telegram Channels Xinxaala Siyaasa obboo Jawar Mohammed Shirri Dinquu Dayyaasaa irratti xaxamaa jiru, waa’ee dureessa Oromoo biraa tokko yeroon yunivarsitii jiru osoon qorannoo geggeessu baradhee tokko na yaadachiisa. Mootummaan EPRDF akkuma angoo qabateen siyaasaafi security qofa osoo hin taane diinaggees too’annoo jala galchuun akeeka isaa ture. Keessattuu diinaggeefi dureeyyota kutaa hawaasaaa sirnichaan morman keessatti argaman yoo danda’ame of jalatti deebisanii maxxantuu gochuu yookaan ammoo dhabamsiisuudha. Bifa kanaan daldalaan Oromoo muraasi harka kennate irra jireessi sababa garagaraa itti uumuun hiyyomfame biyyaa ari’ame.

Daldaltoota akkasii keessaa guddaan bara sanaa Gabrayyas Beenyaa jedhama. Kubbaaniyyaan isaa ammoo Amalgametid jedhama ture. Tarii yeroo EPRDF angoo qabatutti dureessi guddaan import-export irra hojjatu kubbaaniyyaa kana ture. Namni kun dhaloonni isaa naannawa Sabbataa kana. Tiksitee irraa ka’eet carraaqqii ofiin miliniyeera ta’e. Mootummaa Wayyaaneen kan walitti bu’e sababa lama ture. Kan duraa dureessa ofiin guddateefi hirkannaa mootummaa hin qabne waan ta’eef jara haaraa dhufte jalas shululukuun isa hin barbaachifne. Sossobbiifi doorsisa isaaniitiif harka kennatee itti maxxanuu diee. Kan lammataa gosa daldalaa inni keessatti hirmaatuudha. Yeroo sanitti xaa’oo qonnaan biyya kana kan galchu kubbaaniyyaan hangafni kan isaa ture. Namni xaa’oo harkaa qabu qonnaan bulaa akka harkaa qabu Mallasaan faan hubatan. Kanaafuu kubbaaniyyaa isaan dorgomu ijaaranii gabaa ala isa baasuu barbaadan. Hin taane. Warri Xaa’oo omishus qonnaan bulaanis Gabrayyas waggoota dheeraaf waan beekaniif maammilummaa addaan kutuu didan. Caalbaasiin yeroo bahu isumatu moo’ata. Gaafa kaan akkuma inni caalbaasii moo’ateen yaamanii biyya alaatii ati galchi qonnaan bulaaf garuu nutu raabsa, bu’aas addaan qooddanna jedhaniin. Jaarsi conservative fi ofiin boonaa waan tureef mataa jabaate. Yoo barbaaddan caalbaasiin na moo’aa malee kanin ani moo’adhe isiniif hin hiru jedheen. Raabsuus yoo taate daldaltoota maammiloota naaf ta’an kan narraa fuudhanii raabsantu jira isaan harcaasee isinitti hin kennu jedheen.
San booda tarkaanfii humnaatti cehan. Gibirri irra hin jirre waraqaarra tuulamuu eegale. Liqaan baankii dhalaa waliin sobaan gadi yaafame. Isaafi maatii isaas bahaa gala dhoowwuun doorsisni cime. Duulli maqaa balleessii hamii mana shaayiifi miidiyaa mootummaan itti baname. Hammaannaan maammilooni isaa kubbaaniyyaalee Ameerikaa lubbuu isaa baraaruuf fudhatan., Akkuma inni biyyaa baheen qabeenya isaa qircatan. Daldala isaas warri booda EFFORT ta’e dhaale. Kan biraa dhiisii konkolaataa dhuunfaa isaa qondaalli tokko fudhatee akka oofaa ture irra gaheen jira. Nama dureessa hammas gahu mana jireenyaa takkittii qofatu hafeef.

Seenaa kana maatii isaa, qondaalota mootummaafi maamiltoota isaa interview godheen research paper takka katabee ture. Yeroo tokko ammoo qondaala mootummaaa takkaan intartneetii gubbaatti atakaaroo seennee dubbii tanaan tuqeen ture ( screenshot) laalaa. Obbo Gabrayyas afaan isaatiin seenaa kana miidiyaa ESAT gubbatti boodana dubbachuu isaa nan yaadadha.

Dubbiin Dinquus garas deemaa jirti fakkaata. Ka’uumsi ishii waldhabbii dhuunfaa qondaala tokko waliin qaban ture. Waanin keessa beekuuf anuu yeroo takkaa lama dubbii tana fixadhaa jechaanii ture. Jaarsotattis himeen ture. Amma garuu fuula jijjiirachuu ishii argaa jirra. Bilxiginnaan Dinquu sochii diinaggeetiin ala gochuu akka barbaaddu ifa ta’aa jira. Gamaa gamanaa itti roorrisanii biyyaa baasanii, san booda sababa garagaraatiin qabeenya isaa saamuuf jedhu fakkaata. Akkuma warri isaan guddise waggota 25 dura Gabrayyas Beenyaa godhan san. Akkuma Mulunaa Kakaaa godhan.

Hubadhaa hamma mirgi abbaa biyyummaa mirkanaa’ee sabni kun qa’ee isaa irratti mootummaa ofii filatee buluu eegalutti, mirgi matayyaa kan diinaggee, hawaasummaa, amantiis ta’ee kan biroo wabii hin qabu. Kanaafiidha qabsoon godhamu kan mirga siyaasaa qofa osoo hin taane kan waan cufaati kan jennuuf.


Thousands of miles from the protests that have swept the United States, Black Lives Matter has become a rallying cry for pro-Papuan activists in Indonesia, provoking questions about accusations of deep-seated racism.

Indonesian social media users have adopted the hashtag #PapuanLivesMatter alongside #BlackLivesMatter and prominent writers and artists have promoted it, a sign that the issue resonates beyond Papuans in an archipelago of 270 million.

Accusations of discrimination have endured for decades in the resource rich and remote provinces of Papua and West Papua, whose indigenous people are of dark-skinned Melanesian origin in contrast with most in the world’s fourth most populous nation.

“I think the BLM movement is useful in that it forces Indonesians to reflect on how Papuans have been treated by the police,” Ligia Judith Giay, a Papuan postgraduate student at Australia’s Murdoch University, told Reuters.

Parallels have been drawn between the death of African-American man George Floyd in Minnesota that unleashed the mass protests and the treatment of a Papuan man, Obby Kogoya, who was pinned down during his arrest in 2016 before he was jailed.

A website, “We need to talk about Papua,” has been set up, while an Instagram post about the site attracted more than 12,000 likes.

Representatives of the Indonesian president’s office and the foreign ministry did not respond to Reuters’ requests for comment about the online movement or accusations of racism against Papuans.

In recent days, Black Lives Matter has also been a rallying cry for black people complaining of discrimination in Australia, Brazil and elsewhere.

Papua and West Papua came under Indonesian control after a United Nations sanctioned vote in 1969 that Papuan activists say was held under duress. A low-level insurgency has persisted for decades.

Anger boiled over last year in protests that killed dozens after Papuan students in Java were allegedly taunted with racist slurs, such as “monkeys.”

Despite the online momentum, Indonesian political analyst Yohanes Sulaiman said local attitudes were unlikely to be swayed.

“There’s not much awareness from regular Indonesians that there’s racism towards Papuans,” he said. “Most Indonesians consider Papua a problem of separatism. That’s how the government has framed the issue for decades.”

But in the same way that Floyd’s death has catalyzed a discussion of history and race in America, Black Lives Matter had inspired young people to ask questions, said Indonesian human rights activist Veronica Koman.

“There has been a huge rise in awareness among Indonesians outside our usual activist circle that I did not even see during the West Papua uprising last year,” she said. (Additional reporting by Stanley Widianto; Editing by Matthew Tostevin and Clarence Fernandez)


29 May 2020

The Amnesty International’s Report on Ethiopia titled ‘Beyond law enforcement: human rights violation by Ethiopian security forces in Amhara and Oromia Regional States is an extensive document alleging human right violation by the Ethiopian security forces in two districts in the Oromia National Region State (ONRS) and two districts in the Amhara National Regional State (ANRS) in 2019.

We are grateful to see Amnesty’s recognition of the efforts by the Government of Ethiopia (GOE) since 2018 and we reaffirm our resolve to further strengthen our democratic institutions.

While the reform process has at times experienced bumps, the Government of Ethiopia has proven that it remains committed to build a consolidated democracy. For the GOE the loss of a single life is one too many. And if there are, as the report alleges, incidents where violations of rights took place, the GOE will conduct an independent investigation, which the report also recommends, at the appropriate time.

We note that the report in general is a one-sided snapshot security analysis that fails to appropriately capture the broader political trajectory and security developments in Ethiopia since the commencement of the reform. For instance, it deliberately ignored the extensive and successful peace-making efforts in the districts indicated. The peace-making efforts were overwhelmingly supported by the communities and were conducted by the consortium of regional and federal actors in collaboration with local religious and traditional leaders as well as civil society.

The GOE’s data, which is also complimented by the several independent agencies, indicates a strong support to the Ethiopian National Defense Force, the Federal Police and other security agencies to ensure law and order in the locations indicated by the report. In addition, the report sidelined the GOE’s preferred mode of engagement to address any security impediments, i.e.through peaceful means that respects the culture of the communities in dispute.

The security forces in collaboration with development and humanitarian agencies repatriated a large number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in a very short period of time. The repatriation has been conducted in a manner that respected the dignity of our citizens and in accordance with global human right concerns that highlighted safe and voluntary return.

Apparently, communal issues across different parts of the country, including in the areas where the report is focused, have been largely resolved. And as the report also indicates, the political space is wide and open. The security problems identified are more of banditry than communal. In today’s Ethiopia, every region and every citizen maintain the right to actively engage in the political affairs of the country at regional and federal levels.

Be that as it may, there are major improvements in the area of security in the two regions at large. Beside being geographically expansive, the two regions were the areas where the reform processes were ignited. And comparatively speaking, Ethiopia’s reform and transition to democracy is much more composed, less bloody and purposefully participatory.

Currently, Ethiopia is fighting the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic and the GOE has focused on forging a national unity of purpose across different sectors and declared a State of Emergency to save lives. We believe, in its rush to collect temporary propaganda gains, it was reckless and unprincipled for the report to deliberately leave out the grave dangers posed by the spread and impact of COVID-19 during the current government response.

Responses to specific questions – to the Guardian – are provided below.

Question #1

Security forces deployed in the two Guji zones in Oromia carried out extrajudicial executions, arbitrary arrest and detention, torture and other forms of ill-treatment, forced evictions, and destruction of property. In particular, it has a list of “39 people who had been extrajudicially executed” in Goro Dola District of East Guji Zone and Dugda Dawa District of West Guji Zone since January 2019. It also claims that “at least 10,000 people were detained in Tolay in rounds of mass detention that started in January 2019 and continued to September 2019.”


The Federal Government and Oromia Regional State’s law enforcement have been conducting security operations before the Covid-19 pandemic that was aimed at stabilizing the zones and returning peaceful life to residents in the area. The zones had seen illegal arms trafficking, displacement of communities, banditry, multiple attacks on members of the police and armed forces and distraction of lives and property. The communities asked, several times, for the regional and government to intervene and restore law and order. Accordingly, security operations were conducted and due caution was employed to minimize harm to innocent civilians. A semblance of stability has returned to the area as a result of the operations and the government credits the success of the engagement to a significant scope of coordination and cooperation with the local community.

Government security operations have, however, stopped to allow for a full-fledged public health response to Covid-19 in the last three months except for regular law enforcement activities in the area to discharge its constitutional duty to protect citizens from violence and unlawful acts within the mandates of the state of emergency. And it strongly rejects malicious claims of extra judicial killings, evictions and destruction of property in the area and believes these lies are purposefully disseminated by forces that seek to actively undermine initiatives of dialogue, peace and stability in the area. The Government also takes allegations of misconduct by members of the armed forces seriously and regularly launches internal investigations; and where it finds evidence of wrongdoing, it takes appropriate legal and administrative measures and puts in place protocols to minimize the chances of similar misconducts from happening again. Allegations of mass detentions of people in Tolay are also categorically false and spread by entities who are attempting to sow instability in the region and the country. Our focus has, and remains to be, a unified response to contain the spread of Covid-19 in Guji and provide available resources to health centers.

Question #2

Amnesty International has observed a surge in unlawful restrictions and violations by security forces targeting journalists critical of the Government, and members and leaders of opposition political parties since June 2019.


The Federal Government believes its track record of handling dissent and criticism and political mobilization by opposition parties speaks for itself. Opposition parties continue to freely speak and consolidate their base and journalists are currently exercising their rights to consistently and fiercely criticize the government. We believe this is a significant departure from past practices and the federal government is committed to keeping the political space inclusive for all voices. But the government also recalls the appeal by the public to take concrete measures against hate speech, abuse of freedom of expression and the numerous offenses that violate the ethical, cultural and legal norms of Ethiopians. While it continues to encourage the exercise of constitutional rights to the expression of opinion, the government reaffirms its commitment to take appropriate and firm measures against hate speech, the dissemination of fake news and other violations of the country’s laws.

Question #3

In Amhara Regional State, Amnesty discovered evidence that the Regional special police units and local administration militia were complicit in inter-communal violence between the Amhara and Qimant ethnic communities in West and Central Gondar.


The security environment in west and central Gondar has shown considerable improvements in the last three months and communal clashes have stopped. Investigations by the regional authorities into the clashes including establishing accountability are ongoing and will be made available when they are completed. The engagements by joint regional and federal forces have been effective in creating a political space for the communities to discuss and resolve differences. Inter-communal dialogues have been held to consolidate gains from the stability and once the Covid-19 pandemic is over, the federal government will continue encouraging and supporting the dialogues. We would like to highlight that community led peace initiatives have registered strong success to prevent violence and widen the political space across the region. Currently, regional security personnel are focused on preventing the further spread of the pandemic and supporting health authorities as required.

Question #4

Amnesty International says that it sought responses from the Ministry of Peace, Ministry of Defence, Federal Attorney General, Federal Police Commission, Oromia Regional Security and Administration Affairs Bureau, Oromia Police Commission, Amhara Security Bureau and Amhara Police Commission – to comment on the findings of the research at various stages but its requests through email, letters, phone calls, and face-to-face meetings went unanswered. Why is this?


The Federal Government strives to put in place a comprehensive response mechanism to requests for information. While many requests for information are responded to, some are not timely processed; particularly as all our resources are focused on battling the Covid-19 pandemic. Noting the critical character of the questions in this context, a whole of government response was deemed appropriate but coordination mechanisms have been regrettably inadequate to timely respond to the questions.

Question #5

In addition, I would like to know if the federal government has any plans to address or correct patterns of abuse carried out by its security forces in this transitional period.


We strongly believe a presumptive approach that has already appropriated guilt to the governments’ handling of security during the transition is very unhelpful to understand the security context of the country. The government would like to reaffirm its commitment to working towards preventing peace and security violations in the country and will take corrective measures to maintain the discipline and ethical standards of members across federal and regional law enforcement.


The Government has been undergoing through significant transformation, virtually in the social, economic and political arena. The most important factor in the process has been the commitment of the leadership expand the political space and deepening the democratization of the state.

Among many of the significant openings, freeing of thousands of political prisoners and welcoming of all opposition groups that were considered as terrorist would shake the statuesque in many ways. Meanwhile, political sobriety would take time and conflict of interests would occur in the process. What the government has extensively been doing – in addition to bold reforms – is facilitating platforms for different political groups to discuss and debate sensibly. Many received the invitation with open arms.

Furthermore, the commitment of the government goes beyond Ethiopia. The peace deal with Eritrea opens door to sustain peace in the Horn, which is considered as one of the most conflict-prone regions of the world. Ethiopia’s initiative to re-build the strained relationship between Djibouti and Eritrea, Eritrea and Sudan, Eritrea and Somalia as well as the peace deal process in Sudan has brought hope to the Horn of Africa.